1904 – 1906, 1910 – 1912 (extension added)
Architect: Otto Wagner
Georg-Coch-Platz 2, Vienna
The Postal Savings Bank, built in two sections over a trapezoidal ground plan from 1904 to 1912, is Otto Wagner’s most important work in terms of the development of modern architecture.
The effect of the rationally designed facade is largely determined by the materials: Granite, marble and aluminum create a strict as well as simple rhythm of wall and openings.
The granite slabs of the facade’s base are fixed with countersunk pins with aluminum heads. In contrast, the white marble panels of the upper floors, only 2 cm thick, are fixed with raised pins with aluminum heads.
The different way of fixing creates a subtle ornamentation, which is complemented by vertical platelets meant to suggest supports and bases of pilaster positions.
The central risalit is crowned by a parapet decorated with laurel wreaths.
The aluminum used by Otto Wagner as a new building material is also found in the striking canopy of the entrance.
The spacious vestibule leads to the central counter area in the glass-roofed courtyard.
The ticket hall with its thoughtfully designed details such as the lighting fixtures or the warm air blowers of the heating system is an outstanding example of functionalist architecture of early modernism.