Cologne: Wholesale Market Hall

Großmarkthalle, 1935-1940. Entwurf: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder
Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

1935 – 1940

Architect: Theodor Teichen

Structural engineer: Ulrich Finsterwalder

Marktstrasse 10 d, Cologne

The Cologne wholesale market hall, designed from 1935 to 1940 according to plans by the architect and municipal senior building official Theodor Teichen, is distin­guished by its pioneering concrete shell construction and modern design.

The arched roof shell, supported by beams standing in close succession, circum­scribes a space 132 meters long and 57 meters wide.

Various construction companies were asked by the munici­pality of Cologne to design a structure with a column-free span of 57 meters. In addition, econo­mical management of the hall and lighting from the north were required.

The contract was awarded to Dyckerhoff & Widmann, who, under the direction of the struc­tural engineer Ulrich Finsterwalder, submitted a design for an elongated hall with a parabolic barrel vault and carried it out together with architect Theodor Teichen.

For the roof structure, Dyckerhoff & Widmann opted for a shell vault made of reinforced concrete with a thickness of eight centi­meters according to the company’s own Zeiss-Dywidag system, which required parti­cu­larly little steel.

Dyckerhoff had already used this design in the construction of the Frankfurt wholesale market hall in 1926 and the wholesale market halls in Leipzig (1927) and Basel (1929).

The lighting was provided by two staggered shed super­st­ruc­tures along the north side.

The interior of the Grossmarkthalle has an open floor plan. The vending area is subdi­vided into stalls by roadways. They are supple­mented by two freight elevators, a restaurant, and an additional row of stores at the east end of the hall.

The side exten­sions contain adminis­trative rooms and a stand area for fish whole­salers. The wholesale market hall of Cologne was put into operation in October 1940.

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935-1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

Markethall, 1935–1940. Design: Theodor Teichen, Ulrich Finsterwalder

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